Degas, Edgar

(1834-1917) (Hilaire-Germain-Edgar de Gas)
   painter, pastelist, sketcher, and engraver
   Born in Paris to a family of bankers, Edgar Degas, as he is known, studied law before he took up painting. In 1859, he traveled to Italy, where he copied the works of the Quatrocentrists. Degas's first works were on historical themes (Semiramis Building Babylon, 1861) and portraits that show Ingres's influence but also Degas's personal style (The Belleli Family, 1858-67). Abandoning academic conventions, Degas came under the influence of naturalism and photography, and was inspired by Japanese prints. About 1868 he became part of the group that met at the Café Guerbois and included Edouard manet,(Portrait of Manet, 1864) auguste renoir, and claude monet. With them, in 1874 Degas took part in the first impressionist exhibit. Like Monet, who influenced him, he had an acute sense of modernist style, represented in his scenes of everyday life, street scenes, and the world of horse racing (Before the Start, 1862) and the stage (Mlle Fiocre in the Ballet "La Source," 1868). Following a visit to the United States (1872-73), he painted Cotton Merchants in New Orleans (1873), which showed his naturalistic style. He had a passion for the world of dance (Dancer Taking a Bow, 1878; Dancer at the Bar, 1880) and produced works showing the effect of artificial light devoid of all idealism. He had an exceptional ability to capture the rapid gestures and the particular characteristics of his subjects. In portraying dressmakers and women ironing, (1882-83), he approached stylistically certain works of honoré daumier, while works such as Women at Their Toilette (1885-98) evoke instead the lifestyle of henri de toulouse-lautrec. Suffering from vision problems, Degas had a preference for pastels, working with crayon and gouache as well as with paints. Painted from memory, his works show a free and audacious style and are more suggestive than descriptive, often having the quality of rough sketches. Influenced by Japanese art, Degas sought unusual modes of presentation for his subjects, decentralized, with planes oblique and sloped, or straight scenes, and in doing so helped to end traditional perspective in painting (The Tub, 1866; After the Bath, 1898). paul valéry would dedicate an essay on painting (Degas, danse, dessin, 1936) to the works of Degas.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Degas, Edgar — ▪ French artist Introduction in full  Hilaire Germain Edgar De Gas  later  Degas  born July 19, 1834, Paris, France died September 27, 1917, Paris       French painter, sculptor, and printmaker who was prominent in the Impressionist… …   Universalium

  • Degas, Edgar — ► (1834 1917) Pintor impresionista francés. Son famosas sus escenas de carreras (En el hipódromo, 1869 72) y sus danzarinas (La escuela de danza, 1874; Ensayo de ballet en el escenario, 1873 74). Su obra es una exaltación del movimiento del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Degas — Degas, Edgar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edgar Degas — Degas redirects here. For other uses, see Degas (disambiguation). Edgar Degas Self portrait (Degas au porte fusain), 1855 Birth name Hilaire Germain Edgar De Gas …   Wikipedia

  • Edgar Degas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hilaire Germain Edgar de Gas Autorretrato (1855) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Degas elite — [1] Basisdaten Entwickler: Tom Hudson Betriebssystem: Atari ST …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Degas — Degas, Edgar, franz. Maler, geb. 19. Juli 1834 in Paris, war Schüler von Lamothe und seit 1855 der Ecole des Beaux Arts und malte zuerst historische Genrebilder, wandte sich aber bald der Schilderung des modernen Lebens zu. wobei er sich fast… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edgar Degas — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Degas (homonymie) et Edgar. Edgar Degas Edgar Degas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Degas — Selbstporträt, Öl auf Leinwand, 1855 Edgar Degas eigentlich Hilaire Germain de Gas (* 19. Juli 1834 in Paris; † 27. September 1917 ebenda) war ein französischer Maler und Bildhauer. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Degas, Hilaire Germain Edgar — (7/19/1834 Paris 9/27/1917 Paris) (France); aka Degas, Edgar    Painter, etcher, lithographer, modeler, and graphic artist. Studied in the studio of L. Lamothe. One of the major figures of the French Impressionist movement, best known for his… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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